Skin Cancer Symptoms, Types, Causes and Prevention

Skin cancer is a condition in which abnormal skin cells are produced. Skin cancer becomes life threatening when most of the skin cancers vast to other body parts. These destructive cancerous are originate from super facial layer of the skin usually called epidermis or from the cells of epidermis. Many of skin cancer symptoms and general prevention are discussed in this article for your awareness.

Main cause of skin cancer is the ultraviolent radiation from sun ways or from tanning beds. Skin cancer symptoms can also be seen due to genetic defects that lead the harmful skin cell to multiply rapidly and convert into malignant tumors.

In a report it is stated that the skin cancer is most common type of cancers in the United States. A small study also shows the same results that skin cancer is common type and mostly develops in those areas of skin which are exposed to sun shine but it is not necessary, in rare cases develops also in hidden areas.

Types of Skin Cancers:

There are several types of skin cancer

  • Melanoma
  • Basal cell carcinoma
  • Squamous cell
  • Merkel cell carcinoma
  • Actinic keratosis


Melanoma is a most dangerous type of skin cancer which originates from the pigment producing skin cells. These cells are also give color to your skin often called melanocytes. Melanocytes produced moles on the face or on the other areas these benign moles takes the form of cancerous.

Melanoma occurs in both men and women in all ages, in males it develops on the back and chest and in the women on the legs. It attacks more likely on the adult especially on young women.

This type of skin cancer is very dangerous as most of skin cancer deaths occurs due to this type of skin cancer but can be treated and cured if identified early. Nevertheless progress has been made in the treatment of melanoma but no surety but still life expectancy is low

Melanoma can be suspected if a mole gets the shape of Asymmetrical.

  • Evolving size or shape
  • Not consistent color
  • Larger diameter usually more than 5mm
  • Asymmetrical shape
  • Irregularities in boarder

Types of melanoma:

Lentigo maligna melanoma:

Often it attacks on aged people and having larger brownish lesions mostly flat.

Acral lentiginous melanoma:

It is not most common type of melanoma even very less common. Acral lentiginous melanoma affects on the sole and palm of the foot and in some cases under the toenails or fingernails.

Super facial spreading melanoma:

It is most common type and affects on all ages. Nevertheless lesions contain varying shapes of brown and black, mostly irregular shapes. Lesions are in this type of melanoma is usually flat

Nodular melanoma:

Nodular melanoma does not have any certain color but might get black or reddish blue, dark blue in some cases are the skin cancer symptoms.


Basal cell carcinoma:

This is most common type of skin cancer usually comprising about 90 percent of all skin cancer. Basal cell carcinoma is rarely fatal and usually develops on sun exposed area. In many of studies this is stated that basal cell carcinoma most less spreads in the other areas.

This type of skin cancer is originated in the lower layer of epidermis. In t he beginning it changes the skin might not cancer at that time but over the time it becomes cancer.

Basal cell carcinoma is usually is a slow growing skin cancer and rarely spreads the other parts of the body. It mostly shows as a waxy or pink bump on the skin and having dimple in the middle. It might appear translucent near the skin surface with the blood vessels.

Squamous cell carcinoma:

It is a second most common type of skin cancer. this type of cancer is usually originates from the outer layer of the epidermis. Squamous cell carcinoma is more dangerous than basal cell carcinoma and less the melanoma. It is also cured if identified early but squamous cell carcinoma can spread in other body parts if not properly treated.

Usually it appears on sunshine exposed areas such as lips, ears, hand, neck and face as red, scaly and rough skin lesions, typically. This type of skin cancer can be curable and affects under the age 50.

Actinic keratosis:

Actinic keratosis is a typically epidermal keratinocytes and often called solar actinic keratosis also. This type of skin cancer is precancerous for squamous cell carcinoma.

Actinic keratosis also attacks more on sun exposed area and the ultra violet radiation can be a risk factor of this type of skin cancer. It is a rough raised patch or scaly patch on the skin. At the beginning the skin cancer symptoms such as actinic keratosis can be seen as a pink skin or rough skin. If you feel itchy skin then you should consult your dermatologist as it might be an actinic keratosis skin cancer symptom.

They can be caused by weak immune system and exposure to ultraviolent in the sunshine. This is most common form of skin cancer and usually develops in the squamous cell carcinoma if not treated properly.

Merkel cell carcinoma:

It is most rare type of skin cancer also called neuroendocrine carcinoma of the skin. Merkel carcinoma has very low survival rate that is also no approved yet and unfortunately have no specific treatment method. Mostly Merkel cell carcinoma is appeared on the face and people with older age.

skin cancer symptoms is bluish-red nodule might flesh-colored on the face usually or on sun exposed areas. In a recent study shows that people with fair skin and over the age of 50 can be at risk of MCC.

Risk factors of skin cancer:

Risk factor of skin cancer is something that enhances the chances of skin cancer. There are several major risk factors such as

  • Exposure to ultraviolet in sunshine: People who spend more of the time to sun exposure may develop skin cancer if skin is not protected by sunscreen or by clothing.
  • Genetic defects : if your parents has had skin cancer you might be at high risk of the disease
  • Having a fair complexion: if there are less pigment in your skin it might enhance the chances of skin cancer rather than people with darker skin color
  • Having an organ transplant: if you are taking immunosuppressant drugs after an organ transplant that might increase the risk of developing skin cancer
  • Moles: a person having too much moles on his skin or irregular moles can be at high risk of skin cancer. Abnormal moles which are called dysplastic nevi are bigger in size than normal moles. There are so many chances of abnormal moles to become cancerous. Consult dermatologist if you have abnormal moles history and having skin cancer symptoms.
  • Weak immune system: having the weak immune system increase the risk of skin cancer.


Prevention of skin cancer:

Early detection of skin cancer by identifying skin cancer symptoms can save your life and can be cured easily.Skin cancers are preventable you should follow these tips and decrease the risk of skin cancer.

Avoid sun exposure:

People spend most of the time to sun exposure increase the chances of skin cancer.

Avoid tan:

Do not tan and sunburn, ultraviolet ways from the sun or from the tanning beds causes the skin cancer you should take care.

Make sure the use of sunscreen:

use a broad spectrum sunscreen most recommended SPF with above 15 for the protection for (UVA) and (UVB) radiation although sunscreen does not protect all the ultraviolet rays but can play a key role in the protection of some sunshine.

Use protective clothing:

You should wear protective clothes as the sunscreen does not provide you complete protection from the UV.  You should cover yourself with the dark clothes or others like tightly woven clothes. Wear a hat when go for the outing and glasses that are helpful in the protection of ultraviolet rays.

Lastly consult your dermatologist for the recommendation of photo-protective clothing as many in the market.

Analyze your skin:

Check your skin from toe to head regularly and get report every month. Be careful of changing, abnormal moles, raised patches and bumps.

Take a mirror and check your face, head, neck, throat and soles. Cover your legs and check from front and back and also spaces between toes.

Take vitamin D:

You should examine your skin regularly after every month as well as get more of vitamin D may decrease skin cancer symptoms. While adopt a healthy diet rich in vitamin D or enhance your vitamin D level by taking supplements.

Finally these skin cancers are no doubt are very dangerous but you have to be careful and adopt a positive living style to fight this disease.

Read also: how to get rid of acne fast

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