Diabetic foot ulcer: Causes, Symptoms and Prevention

Diabetic foot ulcer is a red sores usually occur on the top of toe, ball of the foot or on the bottom of the foot. Ulcer can also occur on the sides of the foot or bottom of the heel due to poorly fitted shoes. These are a major cause of morbidity in the individuals suffering with diabetes. Foot ulcer especially in diabetes are very debilitating and difficult to treat. Fortunately treatment of these foot infection is found by our expert team.

Optimal treatment of diabetic foot ulcer is requires prescribing pathogen-appropriate antibiotic therapy. Most of experts suggests that the diagnosing infection must be based on the presence of clinical symptoms of the inflammation.

Causes:

Unfortunately the number of diabetic patients is increasing day by day and mostly they ate belonging to developed countries. According to a research there is 7% of the world population are suffering with diabetes and every 30 s is suffering with foot ulcer due to extremity is amputated by the complications in the diabetes mellitus.

These complications are most common and most dangerous in the diabetes. When neuropathic and vascular complication occur produce diabetic foot ulcer. Diabetes damage the nerve that loss of feeling in the foot, known as peripheral neuropathy. A cut on foot or a little injury on of the foot can be turned into the serious infection and the poorly fitted shoes can also cause the diabetic foot ulcer.

The most common and major problem in the diabetes is vascular disease. In vascular disease blood vessels are damaged and supplying with oxygen and nutrient are also damaged. Due to insufficient blood flow and the unchecked blood sugar in the neuropathy, pain and infection can be occur on the feet of a diabetic patient. If not treated well and noticed early can lead the permanent disfigurement.

The cut on the foot and a little injury should not go unnoticed and the patient should check his/her foot at least once a day. This is very helpful in the foot care and a proper foot care can reduces the chances of developing a diabetic foot ulcer. Following information might be very helpful to recognize diabetic foot ulcer symptoms and find an effective and complete treatment.

Symptoms:

Unusual swelling, irritation, redness on one or both feet are common symptoms of diabetic foot ulcer. Sometimes it might be a drainage from your foot that might stain your socks or sometimes leak out in your shoe. An unhealthy and inappropriate blood flow around the infection can cause a serious a visible symptom that is black tissues also called eschar surrounding the ulcer.

Gangrene partial or complete refers to tissues death can appear around the ulcer. In this case pain, redness, numbness and odorous discharge might appear.

If you see a skin discoloration or tissues that turned black then consult to your doctor because the symptoms of diabetic foot ulcer is not always obvious. Some ulcer you won’t show and they become infected. However some symptoms are listed below

  • Pain and firmness when the ulcer is touched
  • Improper trimming of toenails
  • Excessive Tobacco use
  • Discharging seeping from the infection
  • Thickened around the wound
  • Eye diseases suffering with diabetes
  • Fever and chills in advanced stages of ulcer
  • Swelling and discoloration of skin
  • Obesity
  • Cardiovascular diseases
  • Kidney diseases
  • Alcohol consumption

Diabetic foot ulcer is often occur in older men.

Treatment:

Many of infections such as bone infections (osteomyelitis), cellulitis and gangrene can occur if the diabetic foot ulcer not treated promptly. In the diabetes tissues turned into the black due to poor blood flow and sometimes the tissues are dead, removal of these dead tissues is very important in the treatment of the diabetic foot ulcer, this process is called wound debridement. Doctor perform the wound debridement in plenty of ways one of them is probing the wound to determine the size of ulcer.

You also cure your diabetic foot ulcer at home by follow these easy steps:

  • Avoid excessive walking with ulcer on foot
  • Cleaning the ulcer every day with an appropriate ointments
  • Wearing loose fitted shoes made of leather or suede
  • Wearing socks for protection that contain padding
  • Maintaining proper blood glucose level to wound healing
  • Try to keep the ulcer dry and covered with proper wound dressings
  • Should wear the diabetic shoes

Consult your doctor in certain health conditions that might increase the risk of wound infection by harmful bacteria and liver problems.

A surgical option is also available for diabetic foot ulcer. Your doctor can alleviate pressure around wound by shaving the bone or removing foot deformities.

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